Cleomaceae (Capparaceae)

©The World Botanical Associates Web Page
Prepared by Richard W. Spjut
August 2004; June 2007, May 2014

Cleome lutea
Inyo NF, CA
Spjut 15362, June 2003

Cleome aff platycarpa
Nye Co., NV
Spjut 15287, May 2003

Cleome lutea
Esmeralda Co., NV
June 2007

Cleome serrulata

Great Basin Desert— Utah: Piute Co., Otter Creek Rec. Area, west side of the lake, east side of Hwy 62, just north of junction with Hwy 22; 38º10'52.3", 112º01’05.0”, 1988 m.  Sagebrush scrub. SPJ-16388, 20 July 2008


Williams L. A., E. Vasques, W. Reid, R. Porter and W. Kraus W.  2003. Biological activities of an extract from Cleome viscosa L. (Capparaceae).  Naturwissenschaften 90(10): 468–472.  “Electron micrograph examination of the leaf and stem surfaces of Cleome viscosa L (Family Capparaceae) revealed the presence of secretory glandular trichomes with club-cylinder and cylinder morphologies. In the present study, the leaves and stems of C. viscosa were extracted with hexane and the extract was evaluated for the following biological activities: anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, contact insecticidal and nematicidal. The extract was found to be a potent anti-bacterial agent according to the thin layer chromatography autobiographic assay. Activity-directed isolation studies of the anti-bacterially active compounds led to a 14-member ring cembranoid diterpene being identified as one of the effective agents. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values (microg/spot) of 5.0 microg/spot and 1.0 microg/spot were found for the diterpene on Bacillus subtilis (Gram-positive) and Pseudomonas fluorescens (Gram-negative), respectively. The diterpene did not inhibit the growth of the fungus Cladosporium cucumerinum. The extract demonstrated a pyrethroid type of contact insecticidal activity on adult Cylas formicarius elegantulus Summer (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). The extract also had high nematicidal activity with a percentage Abbott's value of 72.69 on the plant parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita Chitwood; however, the extract lost its potency upon subfractionation.